Abstract The plant hormone ethylene has been shown to play an important role in root hair development in Arabidopsis. With the aid of proteomic analysis, we identified three distinct glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoforms, AtGSTF2, AtGSTF8, and AtGSTU19, expressed early in root epidermal establishment in Arabidopsis seedlings. The AtGSTF2 protein was specifically up-regulated by ethylene. A subsequent RNA expression study revealed that the AtGSTF2 gene was highly sensitive to ethylene, whereas the transcripts for AtGSTF8 and AtGSTU19 were constitutively present in new root tissue of 4-day-old seedlings. The steady-state level of AtGSTF2 mRNA was greatly reduced in the roots of ethylene-insensitive mutants, while mutation at the CTR1 locus, which confers an ectopic root hair phenotype, resulted in a markedly elevated level of AtGSTF2 transcript in young root tissue. Although the physiological function of ethylene-induced AtGSTF2 is not yet clear, there are several possibilities for its role during early root development.