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Behaviour and Neurosis (an Experimental Psychoanalytic Approach to Psychobiologic Principles)

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BOOK REVIEWS 101 In the essay on consciousness, there is careless use of words whose meanings have long been well-defined by psychiatrists. The value of his "levels of wakefulness" is minimal on this account. He is optimistic about the future of consciousness! "My guess just now is that consciousness will sooner or later be described in terms of electronic activity. . ." In his discussion of the psychoneuroses, he presents a classification which is muddy, inexact, and unhelpful. He lists, more or less in the order of prognosis, "(Normal) nerv- ousness (exaggerations of physiological reactions), anxiety attacks, system reac- tions (psychosomatic), depressive reactions, hysteria, obsessive and compulsive reactions, hypochondriasis, anorexia nervosa (schizo-affective psychoses) " which, from a psychiatric point of view, is a hodge-podge. The essay, "Con- cerning Fits," is the best brief presentation of the subject I have ever read. -LOUIS H. COHEN. BEHAVIOUR AND NEUROSIS (AN EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOANALY- TIC APPROACH TO PSYCHOBIOLOGIC PRINCIPLES). By Jules H. Masserman. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois. Pp.xiv+ 269. $3. The author believes that experimental studies of animal behaviour, carried out during the past seven years, contribute materially to the understanding of human behaviour. From the results obtained he deduces certain general psychobiological principles which he considers valid for human beings and ani- mals. Part I deals with the historical derivation of his work and includes a comparatively brief report of his own experiments. Part II constitutes an extensive survey of the literature on "dynamic psychology and experimental neuroses." Part III deals briefly with clinical and psychotherapeutic applications. The (experimental) data reported were obtained chiefly from cats in an experimentally produced conflict situation. The incentives utilized were: food, escape from injury, and attempts to join cage mates. Situations of frustration and conflict were produced by the

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