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Sine Wave Oscillators-Chapter 15

Elsevier Inc.
DOI: 10.1016/b978-075067701-1/50018-3


Publisher Summary Two general classes of oscillators that exist are sinusoidal and relaxation. This chapter focuses on sinusoidal oscillators that consist of amplifiers with RC or LC circuits that have adjustable oscillation frequencies, or crystals that have a fixed oscillation frequency. Op amp sine wave oscillators operate without an externally applied input signal. Some combination of positive and negative feedback is used to drive the op amp into an unstable state, causing the output to transition back and forth at a continuous rate. The amplitude and the oscillation frequency are set by the arrangement of passive and active components around a central op amp. Op amp oscillators are restricted to the lower end of the frequency spectrum because op amps do not have the required bandwidth to achieve low phase shift at high frequencies. Voltage-feedback op amps are limited to the low kHz range since their dominant, open loop pole may be as low as 10 Hz. The new current-feedback op amps have a much wider bandwidth, but they are very hard to use in oscillator circuits because they are sensitive to feedback capacitance and are beyond the scope of this chapter. Crystal oscillators are used in high frequency applications up to the hundreds of MHz range.

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