Dualism, created by Austro-Hungarian agreement in 1867 divided the entity of Croatia made up of the then kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia, which, with the Croatian Hungarian agreement in 1868, put the Croatians in an unequal position compared to the majority ethnic entities of the monarchy. This often manifested itself through the school system and education. In the development of schools in Croatia at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, there were particularly important school laws in 1874 and 1888 and their amendments on the basis of which schools were founded, organised and functioned. However those same Croatian laws as well as the Hungarian (or Austrian) school laws in force legalised and encouraged the foundation of schools by nationality which often provoked political tensions. For example, Hungarian Julian schools could in Croatia found and organise public schools, village and farm schools (for example Hungarian Julian schools), factory schools (for example Hungarian government railway schools), denominational schools (for example Hungarian reformatory schools) which opened up a broad expanse of activity of Hungarian Julian operations and also similar German and Italian including Serbian operations in Croatia.