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The causes and molecular consequences of polyploidy in flowering plants.

Authors
  • Moghe, Gaurav D
  • Shiu, Shin-Han
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2014
Volume
1320
Pages
16–34
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/nyas.12466
PMID: 24903334
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Polyploidy is an important force shaping plant genomes. All flowering plants are descendants of an ancestral polyploid species, and up to 70% of extant vascular plant species are believed to be recent polyploids. Over the past century, a significant body of knowledge has accumulated regarding the prevalence and ecology of polyploid plants. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the causes and molecular consequences of polyploidization in angiosperms. We also provide a discussion on the relationships between polyploidy and adaptation and suggest areas where further research may provide a better understanding of polyploidy.

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