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Causes and Consequences of Phenotypic Plasticity in Complex Environments.

Authors
  • Westneat, David F1
  • Potts, Leslie J2
  • Sasser, Katherine L3
  • Shaffer, James D3
  • 1 Department of Biology, 101 T.H. Morgan Building, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0225, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 Department of Entomology, S-225 Agricultural Science Center North, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546-0091, USA.
  • 3 Department of Biology, 101 T.H. Morgan Building, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0225, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trends in ecology & evolution
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2019
Volume
34
Issue
6
Pages
555–568
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2019.02.010
PMID: 30871734
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Phenotypic plasticity is a ubiquitous and necessary adaptation of organisms to variable environments, but most environments have multiple dimensions that vary. Many studies have documented plasticity of a trait with respect to variation in multiple environmental factors. Such multidimensional phenotypic plasticity (MDPP) exists at all levels of organismal organization, from the whole organism to within cells. This complexity in plasticity cannot be explained solely by scaling up ideas from models of unidimensional plasticity. MDPP generates new questions about the mechanism and function of plasticity and its role in speciation and population persistence. Here we review empirical and theoretical approaches to plasticity in response to multidimensional environments and we outline new opportunities along with some difficulties facing future research. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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