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Compulsory schooling reforms, education and mortality in twentieth century Europe.

Authors
  • Gathmann, Christina1
  • Jürges, Hendrik2
  • Reinhold, Steffen3
  • 1 Department of Economics, University of Heidelberg, Bergheimer Str. 20, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Germany)
  • 2 Schumpeter School of Business and Economics, University of Wuppertal, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 3 Department of Economics, University of Mannheim, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Social science & medicine (1982)
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2015
Volume
127
Pages
74–82
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.01.037
PMID: 24560098
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Education yields substantial non-monetary benefits, but the size of these gains is still debated. Previous studies report causal effects of education and compulsory schooling on mortality ranging anywhere from zero to large and negative. Using data from 18 compulsory schooling reforms implemented in Europe during the twentieth century, we quantify the average mortality gain and explore its dispersion across gender, time and countries. We find that more education yields small mortality reductions in the short- and long-run for men. In contrast, women seem to experience no mortality reductions from compulsory schooling reforms.

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