Babesia parasites are intraerytrocytic Protozoa that infect wide range of domestic and wild animals and occasionally man causing babesiosis (piroplasmosis). Babesiosis also known in cattle as tick fever or red water fever is most important arthropod-borne disease of bovinae ungulates worldwide with areas of Africa, Asia, South and Central America, Australia and finally Europe. Since Smith and Kilborne had first described potential role of ticks in spread of piroplasmosis within animals, only United States till end of 50 of XX century eradicated the disease from the continent. In other, especially African countries, the problem seems to be of great economic importance. In this review all species of Babesia known to date to be infective to cattle are described with emphasis on geographical distribution of piroplasmosis, tick vector and pathogenicity of particular species and strains.