Terconazole (TCZ) is a broad-spectrum antifungal triazole that is particularly active against Candida species, but its poor water solubility hinders its ocular absorption and restricts its application. This study aims to fabricate TCZ-loaded cationic polymeric nanoparticles to enhance the ocular delivery and antimycotic activity of terconazole. TCZ-loaded nanoparticles were developed by nanoprecipitation method employing Eudragit RLPO®. They were characterized by entrapment efficiency (EE%), particle size (PS), zeta potential (ZP), morphology, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD). In-vitro antimycotic activity was evaluated by measuring zone of inhibition (ZI), minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC). The developed nanoparticles were spherical with moderate to high EE% (44.03-71.14%), a nanometric PS (49.41-78.72 nm), and a positively charged ZP (≥ +21.47). In-vitro release studies revealed sustained release of drug up to 24 h. FT-IR of TCZ-loaded nanoparticles revealed distinctive peaks for Eudragit RLPO® and Poloxamer-188, with disappearance of the TCZ characteristic peaks. XRPD revealed the amorphous state of TCZ within the polymer matrix. Mucoadhesive studies proved the mucoadhesive property of the developed TCZ nanoparticles. In-vitro antimycotic studies, assessed by ZI, MIC and MFC, revealed enhanced antimycotic activity of TCZ-loaded nanoparticles against Candida albicans, relative to plain TCZ. No irritation or abnormal changes to the rabbits' eyes for plain and medicated polymeric nanoparticles were found by the in-vivo Draize test. These findings reveal that the cationic polymeric nanoparticles can be regarded as a potential drug delivery system for enhancing the ocular antimycotic activity of TCZ. Copyright © 2021 American Pharmacists Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.