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Catalytic versatility of Bacillus pumilus beta-xylosidase: glycosyl transfer and hydrolysis promoted with alpha- and beta-D-xylosyl fluoride.

Authors
  • Kasumi, T
  • Tsumuraya, Y
  • Brewer, C F
  • Kersters-Hilderson, H
  • Claeyssens, M
  • Hehre, E J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemistry
Publication Date
Jun 02, 1987
Volume
26
Issue
11
Pages
3010–3016
Identifiers
PMID: 3111528
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Bacillus pumilus beta-xylosidase, an enzyme considered restricted to hydrolyzing a narrow range of beta-D-xylosidic substrates with inversion of configuration, was found to catalyze different stereochemical, essentially irreversible, glycosylation reactions with alpha- and beta-D-xylopyranosyl fluoride. The enzyme promoted the hydrolysis of beta-D-xylopyranosyl fluoride at a high rate, V = 6.25 mumol min-1 mg-1 at 0 degrees C, in a reaction that obeyed Michaelis-Menten kinetics. In contrast, its action upon alpha-D-xylopyranosyl fluoride was slow and characterized by an unusual relation between the rate of fluoride release and the substrate concentration, suggesting the possible need for two substrate molecules to be bound at the active center in order for reaction to occur. Moreover, 1H NMR spectra of a digest of alpha-D-xylosyl fluoride showed the substrate to be specifically converted to alpha-D-xylose by the enzyme. The observed retention of configuration is not consistent with direct hydrolysis by this "inverting" enzyme but is strongly indicative of the occurrence of two successive inverting reactions: xylosyl transfer from alpha-D-xylosyl fluoride to form a beta-D-xylosidic product, followed by hydrolysis of the latter to produce alpha-D-xylose. The transient intermediate product formed enzymically from alpha-D-xylosyl fluoride in the presence of [14C]xylose was isolated and shown by its specific radioactivity and 1H NMR spectrum as well as by methylation and enzymic analyses to be 4-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-D-xylopyranose containing one [14C]xylose residue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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