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Catalytic Friedel-crafts reactions on saturated heterocycles and small rings for sp³-sp² coupling of medicinally relevant fragments

  • Croft, RA
  • Dubois, M
  • Boddy, A
  • Denis, C
  • Lazaridou, A
  • Voisin, AS
  • Bureau, R
  • Choi, C
  • Mousseau, J
  • Bull, J
Publication Date
May 13, 2019
Spiral - Imperial College Digital Repository


gem-Diarylheterocycles display a wide range of biological activity. Here we present a systematic study into the formation of 4- to 6-membered O- and N-heterocycles and cyclobutanes bearing the diaryl motif through a catalytic Friedel–Crafts reaction from the corresponding benzylic alcohols. 3,3-Diaryltetrahydrofurans, 4,4 diaryltetrahydropyrans, 3,3-diarylpyrrolidines, 4,4-diaryl-piperidines, as well as diarylcyclobutanes are examined, with results for 3,3-diaryloxetanes and 3,3-diarylazetidines presented for comparison. Three catalytic systems are investigated for each substrate [Ca(II), Li(I) and Fe(III)], across preinstalled aromatic groups of differing electronic character. In most cases examined, the diaryl product is obtained directly from the alcohol with good yields using the most appropriate catalyst system. In the absence of a nucleophile, the olefins from the 5- and 6-membered substrates by elimination of water are obtained under the same reaction conditions.

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