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A catalog of CasX genome editing sites in common model organisms

Authors
  • Roberson, Elisha D. O.
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Genomics
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jun 27, 2019
Volume
20
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12864-019-5924-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

DpbCasX, also called Cas12e, is an RNA-guided DNA endonuclease isolated from Deltaproteobacteria. In this paper I characterized the CasX-compatible genome editing sites in the reference genomes of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), flatworms (Caenorhabditis elegans), flies (Drosophila melanogaster), zebrafish (Danio rerio), mouse (Mus musculus), rats (Rattus norvegicus), and humans (Homo sapiens). Across those genomes there were > 27,000 CasX sites per megabase on average. More than 90% of genes in each genome had at least one unique site overlapping an exon, with median unique sites per gene of 6–45. I also annotated sites in the GRCm38 reference and 15 additional mouse strain genomes. The presence of specific guide sequences varied amongst the strains, with CAST/EiJ and PWK/PhJ showing the greatest divergence from the reference strain. The high density of CasX sites and number of exon overlapping sites suggests that CasX has the potential to be used as a common genome editor.

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