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Case report. The clinical management of osteodystrophy and pathological fractures in a Capuchin monkey (Cebus sp).

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  • Medicine
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Abstract

.org Page ( 1 ) AAOS does not endorse any treatments, procedures, products, or physicians referenced herein. This information is provided as an educational service and is not intended to serve as medical advice. Anyone seeking specifi c orthopaedic advice or assistance should consult his or her orthopaedic surgeon, or locate one in your area through the AAOS “Find an Orthopaedist” program on OrthoInfo.org. Copyright ©1995-2013 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Femur Sha� Fractures (Broken Thighbone) Your thighbone (femur) is the longest and strongest bone in your body. Because the femur is so strong, it usually takes a lot of force to break it. Car crashes, for example, are the number one cause of femur fractures. The long, straight part of the femur is called the femoral sha� . When there is a break anywhere along this length of bone, it is called a femoral sha� fracture. Types of Femoral Sha� Fractures Femur fractures vary greatly, depending on the force that causes the break. The pieces of bone may line up correctly or be out of alignment (displaced), and the fracture may be closed (skin intact) or open (the bone has punctured the skin). Doctors describe fractures to each other using classifi cation systems. Femur fractures are classifi ed depending on: • The location of the fracture (the femoral sha� is divided into thirds: distal, middle, proximal) • The pattern of the fracture (for example, the bone can break in diff erent directions, such as cross-wise, length-wise, or in the middle) • Whether the skin and muscle above the bone is torn by the injury The most common types of femoral sha� fractures include: Transverse fracture. In this type of fracture, the break is a straight horizontal line going across the femoral sha� . Oblique fracture. This type of fracture has an angled line across the sha� . Spiral fracture. The fracture line encircles the sha� like the stripes on a candy cane. A twisting force to the thigh causes th

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