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[A case report of corrected transposition of the great arteries without any associated defects in a 36-year-old man and the review of adult cases reported in Japan].

Authors
  • Shimizu, M
  • Kawaguchi, T
  • Ogihara, A
  • Kitazumi, H
  • Adachi, Y
  • Fukawa, S
  • Maseki, Y
  • Hasegawa, N
  • Kikawada, R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Kokyu to junkan. Respiration & circulation
Publication Date
Oct 01, 1990
Volume
38
Issue
10
Pages
1035–1040
Identifiers
PMID: 2267434
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We report a case in a 36-year-old man of corrected transposion of the great arteries (CTGA) without any associated defects. We also review clinical characteristics and later complications of adult CTGA cases reported in Japan. The patients was referred to our hospital for further examination of the abnormal ECG found during regular medical check-up. His ECG showed left axis deviation, first degree AV block, abnormal Q waves in the left precordial leads, and disappearance of septal q waves in the left precordial leads. His exercise capacity was found to be more than 12 METS by treadmill exercise testing. His roentgenogram revealed an egg-shaped ventricle with normal CTR (45%). The following findings were obtained by two-dimensional echocardiogram and heart catheterization: 1) the functional left ventricle had the characteristics of the anatomical right ventricle, 2) The positions of the left and right atrioventricular valves were reversed, 3) Other cardiac anomalies such as VSD, pulmonary stenosis, tricuspid regurgitation (TR) were not proved. Therefore, he was diagnosed as having CTGA without any cardiac defects (SLL type). At present, with ages more than 15 years, 36 cases of CTGA without cardiac anomalies have been reported in Japan including this case. But most cases had significant TR. This case was the 7th reported case without the accompaniment of TR. Among 36 cases, TR was found in 71%, complete AV block in 20%, and congestive heart failure was noted in 45%. Prognosis of CTGA without any defects is dependent on the appearance of TR, advanced AV block, and congestive heart failure. As these later fatal complications are observed very often, it is important to detect the patient of CTGA accurately.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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