A 70-year-old man presented with a 0-IIc lesion in the lower esophagus. He underwent esophageal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). The pathological diagnosis was squamous cell carcinoma with small cell carcinoma. The patient received chemoradiotherapy after ESD, but this was interrupted because of myelosuppression. Follow-up endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) at 5 months after the ESD revealed paracardial lymph node swelling (17mm). He underwent EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA), and lymph node metastasis of small-cell-type endocrine cell carcinoma was diagnosed. He received VP-16 chemotherapy but died 22 months after the ESD.