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Cartelization of the Russian Economy: The Main Causes, Consequences, and Ways of Their Elimination

  • Lisitsyn-Svetlanov, A. G.1
  • Bashlakov-Nikolaev, I. V.2
  • Zavarukhin, V. P.3
  • Maksimov, S. V.3, 4
  • 1 Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
  • 2 Moscow Region State University, Moscow, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
  • 3 Institute for the Study of Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
  • 4 Federal Antimonopoly Service, Moscow, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
Published Article
Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Pleiades Publishing
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2020
DOI: 10.1134/S1019331620050159
Springer Nature


Abstract—The preconditions and recent history of the modern anticartel policy in Russia are considered. It is noted that in countries with traditional market economies, a negative attitude to cartels and tools to counter them were gradually formed during the globalization of national economies and changes in attitudes to national and transnational monopolies. Against the background of the semispontaneous destruction of the planned economy of the Soviet Union and the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the 1990s, not only voluntary but also compulsory cartel agreements became widespread, the initiators and main beneficiaries of which were local and regional organized criminal groups, which predetermined the deep criminalization of contractual relations for a decade.It is argued that the greatest threat to the successful development of Russia as a welfare state comes from the so-called auction cartels, which are, in fact, a “collusion within a collusion”; up to 90% of cartels are concluded in tenders. Cartel superprofits serve as an incentive to bribe the state apparatus.The main trend of anticartel lawmaking and law enforcement in our country in recent years has been the identification and suppression of the largest cartels, 1/4 of which have signs of criminal acts. It is proposed to solve the problems of decartelization of the Russian economy on the basis of a comprehensive roadmap of anticartel measures, which, in the opinion of the authors of this article, should be included in the new National Plan for the Development of Competition in Russia for 2021–2025, which is currently being developed.

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