Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Carotenoids in human nutrition and health.

Authors
  • Eggersdorfer, Manfred1
  • Wyss, Adrian2
  • 1 Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands; Nutrition Science & Advocacy, DSM Nutritional Products, Wurmisweg 576, Kaiseraugst, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 2 DSM Nutritional Products, R&D Human Nutrition, Wurmisweg 576, Kaiseraugst, Switzerland. Electronic address: adrian.w[email protected] , (Switzerland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Aug 15, 2018
Volume
652
Pages
18–26
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.abb.2018.06.001
PMID: 29885291
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments found in most fruits and vegetables, plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Humans cannot synthesize carotenoids and must ingest them in food or via supplementation. Carotenoids have a range of functions in human health. They primarily exert antioxidant effects, but individual carotenoids may also act through other mechanisms; for example, β-carotene has a pro-vitamin A function, while lutein/zeaxanthin constitute macular pigment in the eye. The benefit of lutein in reducing progression of age-related macular eye disease and cataracts is strengthening; an intake recommendation would help to generate awareness in the general population to have an adequate intake of lutein rich foods. There is evidence that carotenoids, in addition to beneficial effects on eye health, also produce improvements in cognitive function and cardiovascular health, and may help to prevent some types of cancer. Despite the evidence for the health benefits of carotenoids, large population-based supplementation studies have produced mixed results for some of the carotenoids. To establish and confirm the health benefits of the different carotenoids more research, including clinical studies, is needed. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times