The emotional strain associated with caregiving as experienced by both black (n = 117) and white (n = 464) daughter caregivers was examined from a role theory perspective. Black daughters reported less role strain overall. Conflict between caregiving duties and the caregivers' personal and social life was a predictor for both groups. For black women the unique predictors were: poor perceived health, unavailability of respite support, and lower caregiving role demand. For white women poor quality of parent-daughter relationship and work conflict were the unique predictors.