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Cardiovascular Risk Factor Status in Hospitalized Patients With Type 2 Diabetes in China

  • Yang, Xiaoyun1, 2
  • Liu, Qian1
  • Fan, Yuxin1
  • Ding, Li1
  • Wang, Ruodan1
  • Hu, Gang2
  • Liu, Ming1
  • 1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin , (China)
  • 2 Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA , (United States)
Published Article
Frontiers in Endocrinology
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jul 22, 2021
DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2021.664183
  • Endocrinology
  • Original Research


Background Controlling blood glucose, blood pressure, and blood lipid is of great importance for patients with type 2 diabetes, not only for cardiovascular disease, but also for other complications. Previous studies mainly focused on the control rate of outpatients, and the results were suboptimal, but few studies aimed at the inpatients. Method The present study involved 3,245 hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes from 2013 to 2017 in the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital. The percentages of inpatients who attained the goals of the China Diabetes Society and the American Diabetes Association were calculated for major cardiovascular risk factors (HbA1c, blood pressure, and blood lipid). The prevalence of microvascular and macrovascular complications was also assessed. Result The percentages of patients who met the Chinese Diabetes Society goals—HbA1c <7%, blood pressure <130/80 mmHg, normal lipids, and all three goals—were 26.7, 14.8, 10.4, and 0.2% in 2013 and 30.5, 16.2, 8.0, and 0.9% in 2017, respectively. The percentage of patients who met all three American Diabetes Association goals (HbA1c<7%, blood pressure <140/90 mmHg, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <2.6 mmol/L) increased from 4.3% in 2013 to 9.0% in 2017. The prevalence of major diabetes complications including coronary heart disease (31.7 vs. 31.9%), stroke (16.7 vs. 14.8%), diabetic kidney disease (37.9 vs. 35.8%), diabetic retinopathy (48.0 vs. 46.5%), neuropathy (63.1 vs. 61.9%), and diabetic foot (0.8 vs. 1.2%) were stable from 2013 to 2017. Conclusion During 2013 to 2017, control rates of major cardiovascular risk factors including HbA1c, blood pressure, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were improved among hospitalized patients in Tianjin, China.

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