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Cardiac manifestations of HIV infection: an African perspective

Authors
  • Ntsekhe, Mpiko1
  • Mayosi, Bongani M1
  • 1 South Africa.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Dec 23, 2008
Volume
6
Issue
2
Pages
120–127
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/ncpcardio1437
Source
Springer Nature
License
Yellow

Abstract

Studies from Africa confirm that cardiac abnormalities are more common in people infected with HIV compared to normal controls Approximately half of hospitalized patients with HIV, as well as a significant proportion of patients followed up over several years, develop cardiac abnormalitiesThe most common HIV-related cardiac abnormalities are pericardial disease and cardiomyopathyEchocardiography is indicated in HIV-positive patients with cardiac symptomsTuberculosis is the major cause of HIV-associated pericardial effusion in AfricaIf pericardial disease or cardiomyopathy is identified, further investigation must be considered to exclude potentially treatable, opportunistic infections

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