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[Carbon disulfide excretion in urine--a biological exposure test for the workplace and environmental concentration ranges].

Authors
  • Winkelmann, H
  • Prösch, J
  • Engewald, W
  • Horn, K
Type
Published Article
Journal
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete
Publication Date
Mar 01, 1991
Volume
37
Issue
3
Pages
102–104
Identifiers
PMID: 2038856
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The biological control procedure for carbon disulphide (CS2), the determination of free and bound CS2 in urine--a procedure already applied to hygienic surveillance--were modified by using gas chromatography and sulphide selective detection (FPD). The results obtained by the changed biological monitoring test in workplace and environmental surveillance are present and discussed. For CS2 concentrations at workplaces in the range of 8-54 mg/m3 a correlation coefficient of r = 0.56 (n = 11, p less than 0.07) was calculated for the mathematical connection of CS2 shift exposure and CS2 content in urine. For environmental exposures in the range of the CS2 immision short term threshold value (MIKK) of 0.03 mg/m3 the procedure may discriminate significantly exposure load from naturally occurring CS2 background.

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