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Carbohydrate supplementation and psychophysiological responses during moderate exercise in hypoxia

Authors
  • Tavares-Silva, E.1
  • Donatto, F. F.2
  • Medeiros, R. M. V.3
  • Santos, S. A.2
  • Caris, A. V.1
  • Thomatieli-Santos, R. V.1, 2
  • 1 Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil , São Paulo (Brazil)
  • 2 Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Silva Jardim, 136 – Vila Mathias, Santos, SP, 11015-020, Brazil , Santos (Brazil)
  • 3 Centro Universitário do Rio Grande do Norte (UNI-RN), Natal, Brazil , Natal (Brazil)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jan 06, 2020
Volume
17
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12970-019-0331-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundRating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) is a subjective scale to monitor overload and fatigue during exercise. Hypoxia may worsen the perception of fatigue, compromising the self-reported perception of effort and increasing RPE. The objective was to evaluate the effects of carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation on RPE during exercise in hypoxia simulating 4200 m.MethodsEight male physically active volunteers performed two exercises at 50% VO2peak and 1% slope: exercise in hypoxia + placebo or exercise in hypoxia + CHO (6% maltodextrin) with supplementation at 20, 40, and 60 min during exercise. Oxygen Saturation (SaO2%) was assessed at baseline and after exercise, while RPE and HR were measured each 10 min during the trial.ResultsSaO2% decreased after exercise in both conditions of hypoxia compared to rest. The RPE did not differ between groups. However, the RPE increased in hypoxia after 20 min of exercise in relation to 10 min. The Area Under the Curve (AUC) of RPE was lower in hypoxia + CHO compared to hypoxia. The AUC of the HR/RPE ratio in the hypoxia + CHO group was higher in relation to hypoxia.ConclusionsOur results indicate that CHO supplementation does not change RPE induced by 60 min of exercise at 50% VO2peak in hypoxia equivalent to 4200 m at the different times analyzed. However, in hypoxia + CHO the (AUC)-60 min of total RPE decreased during exercise, while the heart rate/RPE ratio improved, indicating lower RPE in the hypoxic environment.

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