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The carbohydrate-sesquiterpene interface. directed synthetic routes to both (+)- and (-)-fomannosin from D-glucose.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Organic Chemistry
0022-3263
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Volume
73
Issue
12
Pages
4548–4558
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/jo8004233
PMID: 18489155
Source
Medline

Abstract

An enantiodivergent strategy for the total chemical synthesis of both naturally occurring (+)-fomannosin (1) and its (-)-antipode (ent-1) from alpha-D-glucose has been developed and successfully implemented. The key steps in the overall pathway include the following: (i) application of the zirconocene-mediated ring contraction of vinyl furanosides for the construction of highly substituted cyclobutanols; (ii) the use of ring-closing metathesis to form the pendant five-membered ring; (iii) making recourse to a monothio malonic ester to allow for chemoselective reduction to sensitive lactone intermediate 45; (iv) hydroxyl-directed dihydroxylation with OsO(4) to generate 48; and (v) sequential elimination via a cyclic sulfite and a cyclobutyl triflate. The bridge between the enantiomeric series consisted of a six-step linkup involving the structural modification of 22 so as to generate ent-30b. Optical activity was fully preserved throughout.

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