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Cannabis Contaminants Limit Pharmacological Use of Cannabidiol

Authors
  • Montoya, Zackary1
  • Conroy, Matthieu1
  • Vanden Heuvel, Brian D.2
  • Pauli, Christopher S.1
  • Park, Sang-Hyuck1, 2
  • 1 Institute of Cannabis Research, Colorado State University–Pueblo, Pueblo, CO , (United States)
  • 2 Department of Biology, Colorado State University–Pueblo, Pueblo, CO , (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Pharmacology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Sep 11, 2020
Volume
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2020.571832
PMID: 33013414
PMCID: PMC7516211
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

For nearly a century, Cannabis has been stigmatized and criminalized across the globe, but in recent years, there has been a growing interest in Cannabis due to the therapeutic potential of phytocannabinoids. With this emerging interest in Cannabis , concerns have arisen about the possible contaminations of hemp with pesticides, heavy metals, microbial pathogens, and carcinogenic compounds during the cultivation, manufacturing, and packaging processes. This is of particular concern for those turning to Cannabis for medicinal purposes, especially those with compromised immune systems. This review aims to provide types of contaminants and examples of Cannabis contamination using case studies that elucidate the medical consequences consumers risk when using adulterated Cannabis products. Thus, it is imperative to develop universal standards for cultivation and testing of products to protect those who consume Cannabis .

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