The goal of the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons is to improve the surgical care of infants and children in Canada. Its areas of interest include all aspects of general and thoracic pediatric surgery with recognition of its unique responsibility to infants born with congenital anomalies and children with malignancies. Although its responsibility to pediatric trauma is not unique, that injury remains the number one cause of death of all children beyond infancy creates a pivotal role of this association in issues related to pediatric trauma. With modern methods of first aid, transportation, resuscitation, intensive care, and specialized surgical team effort, many of these seriously traumatized children can be saved. However, despite these advances in trauma care, it is recognized that the most important and ultimate approach to childhood injuries lies in the realm of prevention.