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Can trace element supplementations (Cu, Se, and Zn) enhance human immunity against COVID-19 and its new variants?

  • Nedjimi, Bouzid1
  • 1 Ziane Achour University of Djelfa, Cité Aîn Chih, Djelfa, 17000, Algeria , Djelfa (Algeria)
Published Article
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
May 17, 2021
DOI: 10.1186/s43088-021-00123-w
Springer Nature


BackgroundCoronavirus-19 (SARS-CoV-2) is constantly changed through mutation, and new stains of this virus are detected throughout the world such as B.1.1.7 (UK), B.1.351 (South Africa), and P.1 (Brazil). These strains seem to be more easily transmissible than other variants, which may lead to more cases and more deaths. Currently, there are many vaccines for SARS-CoV-2 available in the market but without full clinical data beside. Despite the existence of these vaccines, the numbers of outpatients are still increasing in many countries around the world, and the reliability of these vaccines still remains elusive. It is well known that trace element deficiencies increase the individual susceptibility to immune dysfunction and lead to global health problem. In this context, improving the immune defense system to combats this pandemic is absolutely necessary. The purpose of this review is to establish the probable relation between trace elements supplementation and COVID-19.Main bodySeveral clinical studies confirmed that Cu, Se, and Zn insufficiencies alter the immune system and increase the vulnerability to viral infections. Based on antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects of these micronutrients, it seems logical that dietary supplementations of these components might enhance human immune system and lower the graveness of COVID-19 infection.ConclusionBased on available data, we hypothesize that the clinical use of some essential trace element supplementations such as copper, selenium, and zinc might be a preventive and promising option to enhance human immunity against the new pandemic COVID-19 and its new strains.Graphical abstract

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