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Can psychological capital promote safety behaviours? A systematic review.

Authors
  • Margheritti, Simona1
  • Negrini, Alessia2
  • Miglioretti, Massimo1
  • 1 Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 2 IRSST - Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail, Canada. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics : JOSE
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2023
Volume
29
Issue
4
Pages
1451–1459
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2022.2135285
PMID: 36221859
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objectives.Occupational health and safety (OHS) is a relevant issue for many systems and stakeholders. This systematic literature review aims to expand knowledge on this topic starting from the integrated safety model (ISM) and to evaluate the role of psychological capital (PsyCap) on safety behaviours (SBs) (i.e., safety performance and prevention of occupational accidents and injuries). Methods. A total of 2704 studies was initially identified in the Scopus, PsycINFO and Web of Science databases. After rigorous screening, 20 empirical studies were included. Results. The results showed the relevant contribution of PsyCap in promoting SBs as a direct antecedent, a mediator between organizational factors and SBs or a moderator between job demands and SBs. Conclusion. Findings indicate that when workers feel resourceful, they feel also more confident and engaged, and, in turn, more focused on safety issues. Moreover, the results sometimes turn out to be contradictory, showing the dark side of personal resources. Considering these results, a plan to monitor and develop PsyCap could be implemented to promote SBs and safety environment. Indeed, PsyCap can be an essential individual resource for behaving safely also by reducing job demands' perceptions and improving safety leadership.

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