Cecal cultures taken over a 1-year period from 600 turkeys at a poultry processing plant were all positive for Campylobacter fetus subsp. jejuni. Swabs of the cloaca and fresh feces were likewise all positive. Of 33 freshly dressed turkey carcases, 94% were positive before chilling in tanks of chlorinated ice and water; 34% of 83 carcasses were still positive after overnight soaking in the tanks. Increasing the chlorine content from 50 to 340 ppm (50 to 340 micrograms/ml) did not cause a decrease in the number of positive carcasses. C. fetus subsp. jejuni was isolated from wastewater gutters as well as from chutes and conveyor belts in the packaging room. Water samples from the five water treatment lagoons for the plant were all positive for C. fetus subsp. jejuni while the plant was in operation, but 4 days after the plant closed for the winter, all water samples were negative.