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Call for planning policy and biotechnology solutions for food waste management and valorization in Vietnam

  • Nguyen, X. Cuong1, 2
  • Tran, Thi Phuong Quynh3
  • Nguyen, T. Thanh Huyen1, 2
  • La, D. Duc4
  • Nguyen, V. Khanh5
  • Nguyen, T. Phuong6
  • Nguyen, X.H.7
  • Chang, S.W.8
  • Balasubramani, R.8
  • Chung, W. Jin8
  • Nguyen, D. Duc8
  • 1 Center for Advanced Chemistry, Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Viet Nam
  • 2 Faculty of Environmental Chemical Engineering, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Viet Nam
  • 3 Hoa Vang High School, Department of Education and Training, Da Nang, 550000, Viet Nam
  • 4 Institute of Chemistry and Materials, Nghia Do, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Viet Nam
  • 5 Department of Microbiology, Pusan National University, South Korea
  • 6 Département de Chimie, Biochimie et Physique, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières (UQTR), Trois-Rivières, QC, G8Z 4M3, Canada
  • 7 Faculty of Environment – Natural Resources and Climate Change, Ho Chi Minh City University of Food Industry, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
  • 8 Department of Environmental Energy Engineering, Kyonggi University, Suwon, South Korea
Published Article
Biotechnology Reports
Publication Date
Sep 08, 2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.btre.2020.e00529
PMID: 32995317
PMCID: PMC7509372
PubMed Central


Food waste (FW) is more harmful than previously imagined. A large amount of Vietnam’s FW ends up in landfills, only 20 % of which are sanitary. This causes significant environmental problems such as greenhouse gas emissions, high carbon footprint, leachate, and landfill-related conflicts. The FW from Vietnam’s urban areas is 0.29 kg⸳p−1⸳d−1, accounting for 31.7 % of total waste. 38.81 % of families discharge FW which, along with municipal waste, corresponds to 4,429.21 ton⸳d−1 for the entire country. For FW collection, under transportation and treatment heads, 80,416.95 $⸳d−1 and 74,605.57 $⸳d−1 were spent, respectively. An analysis of Vietnam’s national strategy for the integrated management of solid waste indicates that the amount of attention and concern currently given to FW issues is not adequate to address them. To resolve FW issues, Vietnam needs to be more proactive regarding solutions and efforts, in addition to implementing strict regulations. These include the setting of national goals under the priority of national strategy, strict regulations, stakeholder engagement, FW recycling to animal feed, biorefinery, and awareness-raising campaigns.

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