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Calculation of pK(a) in proteins with the microenvironment modulated-screened coulomb potential.

Authors
  • Shan, Jufang
  • Mehler, Ernest L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proteins Structure Function and Bioinformatics
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2011
Volume
79
Issue
12
Pages
3346–3355
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/prot.23098
PMID: 21748803
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The MM-SCP has been applied to predict pK(a) values of titratable residues in wild type and mutants of staphylococcal nuclease (SNase). The calculations were based on crystal structures made available by the Garcia-Moreno Laboratory. In the mutants, mostly deeply buried hydrophobic residues were replaced with ionizable residues, and thus their pK(a) values could be measured and calculated using various methods. The data set used here consisted of a set of WT SNase for which His pK(a) at several ionic strengths had been measured, a set of mutants for which measured pK(a) were available and a set of 11 mutants for which the measured pK(a) were not known at the time of calculation. For this latter set, blind predictions were submitted to the protein pK(a) cooperative, 2009 workshop at Telluride, where the results of the blind predictions were discussed (the RMSD of the submitted set was 1.10 pH units). The calculations on the structures with known pK(a) indicated that in addition to weaknesses of the method, structural issues were observed that led to larger errors (>1) in pK(a) predictions. For example, different crystallographic conditions or steric clashes can lead to differences in the local environment around the titratable residue, which can produce large differences in the calculated pK(a) . To gain further insight into the reliability of the MM-SCP, pK(a) of an extended set of 54 proteins belonging to several structural classes were carried out. Here some initial results from this study are reported to help place the SNase results in the appropriate context.

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