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Phase II Study of Paclitaxel, Cisplatin, and 5-Fluorouracil Combination Chemotherapy in Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer

Authors
Journal
Journal of Korean Medical Science
1011-8934
Publisher
Korean Academy of Medical Sciences (KAMJE)
Publication Date
Volume
23
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3346/jkms.2008.23.4.586
Keywords
  • Original Article
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

This phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of combination chemotherapy with paclitaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in advanced gastric cancer. Patients with histologically confirmed gastric adenocarcinoma were eligible for the study. Paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) and cisplatin (75 mg/m2) were given as a 1-hr intravenous infusion on day 1, followed by 5-FU (750 mg/m2) as a 24-hr continuous infusion for 5 days. This cycle was repeated every 3 weeks. Forty-five eligible patients (median age, 56 yr) were treated in this way. Of the 41 patients in whom efficacy was evaluable, an objective response rate (ORR) was seen in 51.2% (95% CI, 0.35-0.67), a complete response in two, and a partial response in 19 patients. The median progression free survival was 6.9 months (95% CI, 5.86-7.94 months), and the median overall survival was 12.7 months (95% CI, 9.9-15.5). The main hematological toxicity was neutropenia and greater than grade 3 neutropenia was observed in twelve patients (54%). Febrile neutropenia developed in three patients (6.8%). The major non-hematological toxicities were asthenia and peripheral neuropathy, but most of patients showed grade 1 or 2. In conclusion, combination chemotherapy with paclitaxel, cisplatin, and 5-FU is a promising regimen, and was well tolerated in patients with advanced gastric cancer.

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