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Improving science education in Swaziland: The role of inservice education

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Publisher
Universiteit Twente
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Abstract

Microsoft Word - Title page.doc IMPROVING SCIENCE EDUCATION IN SWAZILAND : THE ROLE OF INSERVICE EDUCATION Teacher-centred Student-centred Change as intended No change TThhee ““rreevvoolluuttiioonnaarryy cchhaannggeerr”” TThhee ““eexxppeerriieenncceedd cchhaallkkeerr && ttaallkkeerr TThhee ““iinneexxppeerriieenncceedd ssuurrvviivvoorr”” TThhee ““pprraaggmmaattiicc aaddjjuusstteerr”” Robert J. Stronkhorst � � � � � ,03529,1*�6&,(1&(�('8&$7,21�,1�6:$=,/$1'�� 7+(�52/(�2)�,16(59,&(�('8&$7,21� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 5REHUW�-��6WURQNKRUVW� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � &,3�*(*(9(16�.21,1./,-.(�%,%/,27+((.��'(1�+$$*� � 6WURQNKRUVW��5RE� � ,PSURYLQJ�VFLHQFH�HGXFDWLRQ�LQ�6ZD]LODQG� �WKH�UROH�RI�LQVHUYLFH�HGXFDWLRQ � 7KHVLV�8QLYHUVLW\�RI�7ZHQWH��(QVFKHGH� ²�:LWK�UHIV��²�:LWK�'XWFK�VXPPDU\�� ,6%1��������������� � &RYHU�GHVLJQ��5�-��6WURQNKRUVW� /D\�RXW��6DQGUD�6FKHOH� 3UHVV��3ULQW3DUWQHUV�,SVNDPS���(QVFKHGH� � �&RS\ULJKW��5RE�6WURQNKRUVW������ � � $OO�ULJKWV�UHVHUYHG��1R�SDUW�RI�WKLV�ERRN�PD\�EH�SURGXFHG�LQ�DQ\�IRUP��E\�SULQW��SKRWRSULQW��PLFURILOP��RU� DQ\�RWKHU�PHDQV�ZLWKRXW�ZULWWHQ�SHUPLVVLRQ�RI�WKH�DXWKRU�� � � � � � � � � ,03529,1*�6&,(1&(�('8&$7,21�,1�6:$=,/$1'�� 7+(�52/(�2)�,16(59,&(�('8&$7,21� � � � � � � � � 352()6&+5,)7� � � � � WHU�YHUNULMJLQJ�YDQ� GH�JUDDG�YDQ�GRFWRU�DDQ�GH�8QLYHUVLWHLW�7ZHQWH� � RS�JH]DJ�YDQ�GH�UHFWRU�PDJQLILFXV� � SURI�GU��)�$��YDQ�9XJKW�� YROJHQV�EHVOXLW�YDQ�KHW�&ROOHJH�YRRU�3URPRWLHV � LQ�KHW�RSHQEDDU�WH�YHUGHGLJHQ � RS����VHSWHPEHU������RP�������XXU� � � � � � � � GRRU� � � 5REHUW�-RKDQ�6WURQNKRUVW� � � JHERUHQ�RS����DSULO������ WH�'HQ�+DDJ� 3URPRWRU� �� 3URI�GU��-�-�+��YDQ�GHQ�$NNHU � � $VVLVWHQW�SURPRWRU� �� 'U��(��YDQ�GHQ�%HUJ� � � � � � 7DEOH�RI�FRQWHQWV� � � � 35()$&(� YLL� � ��� ,1752'8&7,21� �� ���� %DFNJURXQG�RI�WKH�VWXG\� �� � ������ ,PSURYLQJ�VFLHQFH�HGXFDWLRQ��WK

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