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Ca2+-independent smooth muscle contraction. a novel function for integrin-linked kinase.

Authors
  • Deng, J T
  • Van Lierop, J E
  • Sutherland, C
  • Walsh, M P
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher
American Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
Publication Date
May 11, 2001
Volume
276
Issue
19
Pages
16365–16373
Identifiers
PMID: 11278951
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Smooth muscle contraction follows an increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration, activation of myosin light chain kinase, and phosphorylation of the 20-kDa light chain of myosin at Ser(19). Several agonists acting via G protein-coupled receptors elicit a contraction without a change in [Ca(2+)](i) via inhibition of myosin light chain phosphatase and increased myosin phosphorylation. We showed that microcystin (phosphatase inhibitor)-induced contraction of skinned smooth muscle occurred in the absence of Ca(2+) and correlated with phosphorylation of myosin light chain at Ser(19) and Thr(18) by a kinase distinct from myosin light chain kinase. In this study, we identify this kinase as integrin-linked kinase. Chicken gizzard integrin-linked kinase cDNA was cloned, sequenced, expressed in E. coli, and shown to phosphorylate myosin light chain in the absence of Ca(2+) at Ser(19) and Thr(18). Subcellular fractionation revealed two distinct populations of integrin-linked kinase, including a Triton X-100-insoluble component that phosphorylates myosin in a Ca(2+)-independent manner. These results suggest a novel function for integrin-linked kinase in the regulation of smooth muscle contraction via Ca(2+)-independent phosphorylation of myosin, raise the possibility that integrin-linked kinase may also play a role in regulation of nonmuscle motility, and confirm that integrin-linked kinase is indeed a functional protein-serine/threonine kinase.

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