Review focuses on the analysis of literature data and own results concerning properties of mitochondria Ca2+ transporting systems and their regulation. Three mechanisms for mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake are described: the electrogenic mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter, a rapid mode of Ca2+ uptake (RaM) and ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+ channels (RyR). Two mechanisms of Ca2+ efflux from the mitochondrial matrix have been proposed: Na+-dependent and Na+-independent Ca2+ exchange. The mitochondrial permeability transition pore can also function as a Ca2+ efflux mechanism. Ca2+ accumulation in mitochondria resulted in an increase of mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP synthesis and activation of metabolites transport. The dissipation of mitochondrial membrane potential should prevent mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake. Our data concerning depolarizing effect of calmodulin antagonists and hyperpolarizing effect of calixarenes C-136 and C-137 on the myometrium mitochondria can be applied on the demand of mitochondria membrane potential correction.