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Sea surface temperature (Mg/Ca) from ODP Hole 161-977A

Publication Date
DOI: 10.1594/pangaea.819811
  • 161-977A
  • Alboran Sea
  • Drilling
  • Joides Resolution
  • Leg161
  • Ocean Drilling Program
  • Odp
  • Sea Surface Temperature
  • Annual Mean
  • Sst From Mg/Ca Ratios


Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca, and stable isotope measurements have been performed on tests from the planktonic foraminifers Globigerinoides ruber (white), Globigerina bulloides, and Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (right coiling) in samples from Ocean Drilling Program site 977A in the Alboran Sea (Western Mediterranean). The evolution of different water masses between 250 and 150 ka is described. Warm substages were characterized by strong seasonality and thermal stratification of the water column. By contrast, less pronounced seasonality and basin stratification seem to prevail during cold substages. Several periods of stratification due to the low salinity of the upper water mass occurred during the formation of organic-rich layers and also during a possible Heinrich-like event at 220 ka. The three foraminifer species studied show a common and large shell Sr/Ca variability in short timescales, suggesting changes in the global ocean Sr/Ca ratio as one of the main causes of variations in shell composition.

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