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An optimal constrained approach for divergence-free velocity interpolation and multilevel VOF method

Authors
Journal
Computers & Fluids
0045-7930
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
47
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2011.02.014
Keywords
  • Divergence-Free Velocity Projection
  • Multilevel Vof Method
  • Interface Reconstruction And Advection
  • Optimal Interpolation
Disciplines
  • Computer Science
  • Mathematics
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract The use of mesh refinement techniques is becoming more and more popular in computational fluid dynamics, from multilevel approaches to adaptive mesh refinement. In this paper we present a new method to interpolate the coarse velocity field which is based on an optimal approach and is characterized by a constrained minimization of an objective functional. The functional contains the sum of the square difference between the velocity components and their target average value subject to a number of divergence-free constraints. In this work we describe this approach in two- and three-dimensional geometries with different discrete velocity field configurations. This technique is applied to a multilevel Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) method where the volume fraction function is used to reconstruct and advect the interface between two immiscible phases. The coarse velocity field is interpolated to a fixed fine grid with the optimal approach over a given number of refinement levels. The results of several kinematic tests are presented, where the mass and geometrical errors are compared with those obtained with refined velocity fields interpolated with a simple midpoint rule.

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