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The role of competition in the integration of immigrants to the host society

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  • Bf Psychology / Lélektan

Abstract

The role of competition in the integration of immigrants to the host society The role of competition in the integration of immigrants to the host society Noémi Büki Hungarian Academy of Sciences/Eötvös Loránd University (Hungary) Abstract Integration and social inclusion is essential for immigrants to become successful, con- tributing and active citizens (de Weerd et al, 2005) of the host society. Thus studying factors that are instrumental in acculturation carry important conclusions for integra- tion and citizenship issues. The present study aims to investigate such factors. This paper presents the results of an explorative pilot study. The study’s main goal was to test a theoretical model and to prepare a larger study on the role competition plays in immigrant groups, in acculturation and intercultural adaptation. Previous studies revealed the importance of competition between immigrants and the citizens of the host society in the acculturation of immigrants (Zagefka et al, 2007), in their opportunities to become accepted, contributing and active citizens (de Weerd et al, 2005) in their new society. At the same time in-group competition among immigrants is almost unexplored, just like its possible role regarding acculturation. However indirectly related studies (Grzymała-Kozłowska, 2005) and previously presented findings of the present study (Büki & Fülöp, 2012) suggest that in-group competition may play role in acculturation. The latter suggests that different competitive patterns (Fülöp, 2009) inside the immigrant community can facilitate different acculturation strategies (Berry et al 2002). Beyond this competitive processes may be shaped by migration motives (Margo- lis, 2009) and by the domains of competition (Takács & Fülöp, 2013). However these issues remained almost unstudied so far. The study had three main questions: 1. Which acculturation strategies are facilitated by constructive and by destructive com- p

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