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Feasibility study of a novel dew point air conditioning system for China building application

Building and Environment
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.02.003
  • Dew Point
  • Evaporative Cooling
  • Air Conditioning
  • Building
  • Effectiveness
  • China


Abstract The paper investigated the feasibility of a novel dew point evaporative cooling for air conditioning of buildings in China regions. The issues involved include analyses of China weather conditions, investigation of availability of water for dew point cooling, and assessment of cooling capacity of the system within various regions of China. It is concluded that the dew point system is suitable for most regions of China, particularly northern and west regions of China where the climate is hot and dry during the summer season. It is less suitable for Guangzhou and Shanghai where climates are hot and humid. However, an air pre-treatment process involving a silica-gel dehumidification will enable the technology to be used for these humid areas. Lower humidity results in a higher difference between the dry bulb and dew point of the air, which benefits the system in terms of enhancing its cooling performance. Tap water has adequate temperature to feed the system for cooling and its consumption rate is in the range 2.6–3 litres per kWh cooling output. The cooling output of the system ranges from 1.1 to 4.3 W per m 3/h air flow rate in China, depending on the region where the system applies. For a unit with 2 kW of cooling output, the required air volume flow rate varies with its application location and is in the range 570–1800 m 3/h. For a 50 m 2 building with 60 W/m 2 cooling load, if the system operates at working hours, i.e., 09:00 to 17:00 h, its daily water consumption would be in the range of 60–70 litres. Compared with mild or humid climates, the dry and hot climates need less air volume flow rate and less water.

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