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Transformation of Bacillus subtilis: transforming ability of deoxyribonucleic acid in lysates of L-forms or protoplasts.

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  • Research Article


The transformation of Bacillus subtilis by homologous deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) made available by gently lysing a stable L-form or protoplast suspension was 3 to 10-fold more efficient than DNA isolated by conventional procedures. This increased transformation was not influenced by digestion with pronase, trypsin, or ribonuclease. Preincubation of isolated DNA with L-form lysates did not increase the transformation efficiency above that achieved with untreated, isolated DNA. In addition to displaying a higher efficiency of transformation, the DNA found in these gently prepared lysates was also able to co-transform heretofore unlinked markers at frequencies in excess of those found by congression. Comparison of the frequency of multiple marker transformations to single marker events as a function of DNA dilution conclusively proves that these markers originated from the same continuous strand of DNA.

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