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Building population balance model for fluidized bed melt granulation: lessons from kinetic theory of granular flow

Authors
Journal
Powder Technology
0032-5910
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
142
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.powtec.2004.04.030
Keywords
  • Population Balance Model
  • Fluidized Bed Melt Granulation
  • Kinetic Theory Of Granular Flow
Disciplines
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to develop a theoretically sound basis for the equi-partition of kinetic energy (EKE) kernel recently developed by our group to describe the evolution of granule size distributions in fluidized bed granulation. The approach taken is to show first by distinct element modelling that the statistics of fluctuating velocity and thus frequency of collisions are well described by the kinetic theory of granular flow (KTGF)—that is, Maxwellian in nature. It is then possible to use KTGF to show that the size dependence of the aggregation process should indeed be given by the EKE kernel and that the rate constant depends only on the granular temperature, the particle density, the radial distribution function and the efficiency of collisions. It is shown how the kernel developed can be used to describe the evolution of a granule size distribution when low-density sodium carbonate particles (Light Ash) are sprayed with polyethylene glycol.

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