Abstract The short and long-term effects of electro-chemical chloride extraction (ECE) treatment on corrosion rate of corroded reinforcement have been studied. The factors controlling ECE treatment were identified, and the alterations which occurred in the chloride profile of the cover zone due to ECE process were followed. Contaminated reinforced OPC and SRC mortar specimens made with 1 or 2% NaCl, by mass of cement, were prepared, cured and then subjected to 3 or 5% NaCl for one year. These specimens were finally treated with ECE using various impressed current densities (1 and 2 A/m 2) and electrolytes (water and calcium hydroxide) for 2, 4 and 8 weeks. The state of corrosion was monitored regularly every 2 weeks from halting ECE process up to 52 weeks using zero-resistance ammeter device for measuring the corrosion current density of reinforcement. Selected samples from the cover zone of the untreated and treated specimens were finally taken to assess their chloride profiles.