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New approach to measure double-differential charged-particle emission cross sections of several materials for a fusion reactor

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier B.V.
Publication Date
Volume
81
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2005.08.070
Keywords
  • Neutrons
  • Charged Particles
  • Double-Differential Cross Section
  • Nuclear Reaction
  • Nuclear Data

Abstract

Abstract Double-differential charged-particle emission cross section (DDXc) is a fundamental value to estimate nuclear heating and material damages in fusion reactor development. In the present study, measurements of DDXc for several light elements have been carried out with a newly developed spectrometer. In the spectrometer, a good signal-to-noise ratio and very low minimum measurable energy were realized by using a pencil-beam DT neutron source of FNS in JAERI and a counter-telescope system with very thin silicon surface barrier detectors of appropriate thicknesses. The detailed DDXc data in a wide emission energy range were obtained for 27Al, 9Be, natC and 19F. For 27Al( n, xα) reactions, the measured total cross section agreed well with the evaluated data. For 9Be( n, xα) reactions, there were differences in the α-particle emission DDX between measurement and the evaluated data in the detail of energy structure. For natC( n, xα) reaction, a large discrepancy between the present result and the previous experimental data appeared. For 19F( n, charged-particle) reactions, some peaks corresponding to excited states of the residual nuclei were observed in the energy spectrum of emitted proton, deuteron, and triton particles.

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