Affordable Access

Cytosolic adaptor protein Dab2 is an intracellular ligand of endocytic receptor gp600/megalin.

Authors
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Research Article
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

gp600/megalin, an endocytic receptor, belongs to the low-density lipoprotein receptor family. It is most abundant in the renal proximal tubular cells, where it is implicated in the reabsorption of a number of molecules filtered through the glomerulus. The cytoplasmic tail (CT) of gp600/megalin contains a number of sequence similarities, which indicate that gp600/megalin might be involved in signal transduction. To find intracellular proteins that would interact with the gp600/megalin CT, a human kidney cDNA library was screened by using the yeast two-hybrid system. The phosphotyrosine interaction domain (PID) of the Disabled protein 2 (Dab2), a mammalian structural analogue of Drosophila Disabled, was found to bind to the gp600/megalin CT in this system. The interaction between these two proteins was confirmed by a binding assay in vitro and by the co-immunoprecipitation of both proteins from renal cell lysates. The gp600/megalin CT contains three PsiXNPXY motifs (in which Psi represents a hydrophobic residue) that are potentially able to interact with PID. Analysis of the CT deletion and point-mutation variants of gp600/megalin by the two-hybrid system revealed that the third PsiXNPXY motif is most probably involved in this interaction. Dab2 is a mitogen-responsive phosphoprotein thought to be an adaptor molecule involved in signal transduction, and a suggested negative regulator of cell growth. Dab2 is the first intracellular ligand identified for gp600/megalin; gp600/megalin is the first known transmembrane receptor that interacts with the cytosolic protein Dab2. We speculate that their interaction might involve gp600/megalin in signal transduction pathways or might mediate the intracellular trafficking of this receptor.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments