Abstract In this study hematological toxicity was analyzed after the single and repeated applications of tiazofurin (TZF). Cellularity of bone marrow, spleen and peripheral blood was examined, spanning the period of fifty days after the initial application. Analysis of hematological parameters was performed by slightly modified conventional techniques. The fraction of erythroid series was monitored during the experiment. Presented data describe kinetics of damage and recovery of hemopoietic tissue. Our results indicate that the effect of tiazofurin on cellularity of bone marrow and spleen and on erythropoiesis is reversible and dose dependent within tested dose range and therapeutic regimes. Twenty days after the application normal function of hemopoietic tissues was restored. This approach and results can be useful in defining the timing for sequencing and combination therapy with tiazofurin.