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Effect of pentaerythritol and organic tin with calcium/zinc stearates on the stabilization of poly(vinyl chloride)

Authors
Journal
Polymer Degradation and Stability
0141-3910
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
91
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2006.01.011
Keywords
  • Calcium And Zinc Stearates
  • Organic Tin
  • Pentaerythritol
  • Thermal Stabilizer
  • Poly(Vinyl Chloride)

Abstract

Abstract The stabilization effect of calcium and zinc stearates (CaSt 2/ZnSt 2) combined with pentaerythritol (PeE) and organic tin on poly(vinyl chloride) was investigated. The results show that the addition of calcium/zinc stearates combined with PeE and organic tin can improve thermal and colour stability of poly(vinyl chloride) in both static and dynamic tests. Mechanisms for improving stability of PVC are also discussed. The increase of stabilizing effectiveness of calcium/zinc stearates is ascribed to the synergistic effect between CaSt 2/ZnSt 2 and PeE and the interaction between organic tin and double bonds formed during the degradation of PVC. There is no synergistic action between organic tin and PeE or organic tin and calcium/zinc stearates.

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