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Development problems in Africa: medium- and long-term view. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. COM (86) 179 final, 10 April 1986

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  • Economics


COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COM(86) 179 final Brussels, 10 April 1986 Commission Communication to the Council and to the European Parliament DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS IN AFRICA Medium- and Long-term view COM<86) 179 final -1- I. GENERAL OACKGROUND J\ND OBJECTIVES OF THE COfoiMUNI CATION The particularly critical economic situation facing the African countries has led the United Nations General Assembly to convene for the end of May a special ministerial session to be devoted in particular to discussion of the structural and Long-term aspects of what must truly be termed the "African crisis", so stubborn are the continent's problems. The special session will look at ways in which the international community can help Africa find its way once again to the path of growth and economic progress. It is a major opportunity and one which must not be missed. The Commission accordingly feels bound to present to the Council, in the form of this Communication, a set of ideas and proposals1 with a view to the establishment of a common Community position on the r~ain problems who- se solution will determine, directly or indirectly, Africa's future econo- mic prospects. The Commission hopes that, on this basis, it will be pos- sible to achieve broad agreement at international level. Although dealing principally with the problems of Sub-Saharan Africa, the following analyses and proposals apply also, mutatis mutandis, to the Sou- thern and Eastern Mediterranean countries. In the particular case of North Africa, the Commission would draw attention to the Communication which it presented to the Council in September 1985 on guidelines for eco- nomic cooperation with the ~1editerranean countries, which provides data for an analysis of the situation in those countries and sets out guideli- nes for financial and technical cooperation. 1. Africa is currently facing a major crisis, which threatens not only its development prospects~ but also its very substance in

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