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Chapter 1: The European Economy: Macroeconomic Outlook and Policy

  • Economics
  • Education
  • Political Science


This chapter provides a macroeconomic outlook and discusses fiscal and monetary policy options for the euro area. The forecast is one of a mild slowdown in the world economy and a slower – but continued – recovery in the European economy. The need for further fiscal consolidation in the EU countries and for a restructuring of government expenditures in favour of government investment, R&D and education is stressed. A special section analyses how well the common monetary policy has fitted individual countries. The upshot is that there are considerable stabilisation policy costs which have not fallen over time. •

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