Abstract A 20 S asymmetric (non-globular) form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE, E.C. 184.108.40.206) has been purified from 1-day chick muscle. This form is a hybrid molecule containing both AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE, E.C. 220.127.116.11) catalytic subunits, linked through a collagenous tail. However, the 20 S hybrid AChE/BuChE could not account for the total enzyme activities of AChE and BuChE in a high-salt/Triton X-100 extract of 1-day chick muscle. By applying AChE- and BuChE-specific monoclonal antibodies for immunoadsorption, homogeneous asymmetric AChE and BuChE forms were also identified in that extract. The homogeneous BuChE accounts for 20% of the total activity of the asymmetric BuChE present and sediments at 17 S. About 6% of the asymmetric AChE present is, likewise, in a homogeneous, instead of the hybrid, form. The 17 S asymmetric BuChE does not react with monoclonal antibodies specific for the collagenous tail of the hybrid 20 S AChE/BuChE molecule, suggesting that the collagenous subunit differs between these two forms.