Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Demand for Part-time Workers in the U.S. Economy: Why is the Distribution across Industries Uneven?

Authors
Journal
Social Science Research
0049-089X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
27
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/ssre.1997.0610
Disciplines
  • Economics

Abstract

Abstract While there is substantial documentation of the growth in part-time employment, there are relatively few studies which address the uneven distribution of part-time workers across economic sectors. This paper examines the effects of relative labor costs, industry attributes and job task characteristics, and industry computer use on employment ratios of part-time to full-time workers across 155 industries. Results show that industry compensation, particularly health-care provision, has a significant effect on the distribution of part-timers across economic sectors. Conditions which increase the cost of turnover are negatively associated with the use of part-time labor; whereas, industry job attibutes which facilitate supervision are positively associated with industry use of part-time workers. Computer use does not have a uniform effect. Industry part-time employment ratios are examined with a logistic regression which takes into account simultaneity of supply and demand by estimating instruments for the endogenous variables.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.