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Influence of pectinase treatment on the physicochemical properties of potato flours

Authors
Journal
Food Chemistry
0308-8146
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
167
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.07.014
Keywords
  • Potato
  • Potato Flour
  • Parenchyma Cell
  • Pectinase Treatment
  • Physicochemical Properties
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Untreated and pectinase-treated potato flours from Atlantic and Superior cultivars were characterised to identify the effects of pectinase treatment on their physicochemical properties. Steam-cooked potato whole-tissues were treated with and without pectinase to prepare the dehydrated potato flours. Untreated and pectinase-treated potato flours were investigated with respect to morphology, chemical composition, starch leaching, swelling power, gelatinization, and pasting viscosity. Upon viewing with scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy, the pectinase-treated (relative to untreated) potato flours revealed that the retrograded starch materials were present in intact parenchyma cells, apparently exhibiting granular structures. Their protein and ash contents were reduced through pectinase treatment. While starch leachate contents were lower for the pectinase-treated potato flours, the opposite trend in swelling powers was observed. Pectinase-treated potato flours exhibited higher melting temperatures and pasting viscosities than untreated counterparts. Overall, the modification of potato flour morphology by pectinase treatment may result in alteration of physicochemical properties of potato flours.

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